Dandruff is a very common and harmless scalp condition that affects about 50 percent of the population. Read on to learn how you can free yourself from these ugly white flakes.
To treat dandruff, first scale back on your hair products. If you use lots of pomades, gels and hair sprays, they might be building up on your scalp and causing dandruff. Next, try an over-the-counter shampoo or conditioner. Use a scalp lotion daily to prevent itching. Try it for a couple weeks. If you don't see a change, see your doctor for a prescription shampoo or lotion.
You can prevent dandruff if you're prone to it. Try getting outside and exposing your scalp to a little sun. A brief outing each day (say 5-10 minutes of exposure) can make your scalp less prone to dandruff. Be careful if you're using a coal tar shampoo to treat your dandruff; some increase sun sensitivity. In either case, make sure to wear sunscreen on the rest of your body to prevent sun damage and skin cancer.
If you're like me, your skin gets really dry in the winter, including your scalp. This is because the air gets dry. To increase the moisture in the air, buy a humidifier. Keep one in your bedroom, and wherever you spend the bulk of your day, whether it be in the living room or in a work space.
Believe it or not, the way you eat can affect dandruff. A diet rich in zinc, omega-3 fatty acids and B-vitamins will make your hair and skin softer and more supple. Try eating more beans, nuts, shellfish, whole grains, coldwater fish, eggs, broccoli and sweat potatoes. Drinking more water and eating more fruit should also be helpful.
Most importantly, shampoo your hair every day to get rid of dry skin and oil that can lead to flakes. Try rotating different brands of dandruff shampoos to see what works best for you.